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VISION DIFFICULTIES

Vision Difficulties

Injury to the brain from any cause can lead to vision difficulties or problems seeing. Vision is super important for our function. It helps us understand our environment and people around us. It helps us balance and walk. It allows us to read, attend school, drive and work. When vision is decreased, life is more difficult.

Vision Difficulty Information:

Blurred vision


Double vision


Decreased peripheral vision


Loss of vision in one or both eyes


Hypersensitivity to light


Decreased depth perception


Eye pain and headaches


Decreased visual processing or interpreting what you see


Sometimes, the eye itself is injured from a head injury. Injury to the nerves in the lower brain going to the eye muscles may impair movements of the eyes. Injuries to other nerves in the lower brain can lead to decrease or loss of vision. Injury to the higher areas of the brain can lead to difficulties processing visual information.

Take frequent breaks when doing visual tasks such as reading, using electronic devices or watching television.


Use magnifying glasses to make objects easier to see. Make print bigger with electronic readers.


Avoid bright lights such as fluorescent lights. Use natural light if possible.


Wear sunglasses if you have light hypersensitivity.


For complete vision loss use devices talking books, talking timers and other devices, mobile phone apps and mobility devices.


Use eyeglasses, prism glasses or eye patching as advised by your doctor or therapist

Who can help with my vision?

  • Optometrist
    • An optometrist is an eye doctor that can examine, diagnose, and treat your eyes. Some optometrists also do vision therapy.
  • Ophthalmologist
    • Physiatrists (doctors specializing in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) can help guide you with speaking difficulties. They can help determine why you might be having difficulties and help you find providers to help. Some physiatrists treat patients with brain injury and other physiatrists treat musculoskeletal conditions like back pain. Be sure that the physiatrist you see treats brain injury survivors.
  • Speech therapist
    • An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who can perform medical and surgical interventions for eye conditions.
  • Occupational therapists
    • Occupational therapists are sometimes trained to do vision therapy.
  • Neuro-optometrists and neuro-ophthalmologists
    • Neuro-optometrists and neuro-ophthalmologists are specialists with additional training in working with people with brain-related vision problems.
  • Physiatrists
    • Physiatrists (doctors specializing in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) can help guide you with vision difficulties and refer you to vision specialists. Some physiatrists treat patients with brain injury and other physiatrists treat musculoskeletal conditions like back pain. Be sure that the physiatrist you see treats brain injury survivors.